Crossbench MP Fiona Patten is hoping to pass a bill through Victorian parliament to prevent public hospitals from stopping doctors performing abortions.
The Reason Party Leader said fundamental human rights are currently being “denied” in public hospitals.
“The health system is mistreating those who fund it,” Ms Patten said.
“Publicly funded hospitals and other health institutions have no right to refuse these legally enshrined rights that a woman has control over her body and reproductive health.”
Under the current legislation, pregnant people can access abortions up to 24 weeks in Victoria.
After this, a medical practitioner must seek support from another medical practitioner that it is appropriate to perform an abortion.
However, hospitals which receive public money are not required to offer abortion services.
The bill will seek to protect abortion rights, extend family planning services as well as ensure end-of-life rights in any hospital which receives public funding, including those with religious affiliations.
It comes just a month after the US Supreme Court overturned the landmark Roe v Wade decision in June which criminalised abortions in multiple states immediately.
Ms Patten said the legislation will have zero impact on the rights of individual medical professionals to refuse to perform services on the basis of personal religious beliefs.
“It does not undermine any rights of people within the private health system, where people have choice over service providers,” she said.
“On the contrary, it protects medicos’ rights – a hospital will not be able to prevent a doctor from performing legal procedures.”
The legislation will also work to overcome geographic barriers faced by residents who live further away from private hospitals.
“They should not have to depend on their postcode for access to the full panoply of public health services,” Ms Patten said.
Ms Patten is also calling for nurses and midwives to be permitted to perform abortions and increased research into the treatment of endometriosis and chronic pelvic pain.
“Women are half the population, but women’s health affects us all,” she said.